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     TOC   |  DRUGS  |  Dermatology  |   ACP Drug Resource | Medline Drugs Info Site   

Dermatology Drugs  

REF:  Topical_steroids2009.pdf      
Cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen
  • cotton-tipped swab or spray for 10-15 sec until a 'frost ball' extends 1-2mm beyond the margins of the lesion. A blister will later form that dries & then sloughs in about 10 days.
Topical Corticosteroids Rx         
Mild strength  |  Mid-strength  |  Potent strength  | Super-potent corticosteroids

Mild strength corticosteroids:
(for facial dermatitis or rashes)

  • Hydrocortisone 1 - 2.5% cream, lotion, or ointment
  • Locoid (hydrocortisone butyrate 0.1, 0.5% cream or ointment or soln)
  • Betamethasone (Valisone) 0.1% lotion, cream
  • Desonide (Tridesilon) 0.05% cream, lotion, ointment
  • Fluocinolone (Synalar) 0.01% soln, cream   
  • Triamcinolone (Kenalog)  0.025% lotion, cream, ointment

 

Mid -strength corticosteroids:
(for eczema or resistant rashes)
  • Betamethasone dipropionate (Diprosone)  0.01%  lotion
  • Betamethasone  valerate (Valisone) 0.1% cream, lotion, or ointment
  • Desonide (Desocort) 0.05% cream, lotion, ointment
  • Fluocinolone (Synalar)  0.01 - 0.025% cream, 0.035% ointment
  • Triamcinolone acetonide (Kenalog, Aristocort)  0.1% lotion, cream, or 0.025 - 0.1% ointment
  • Flurandrenolide(Cordran)  0.05% cream
  • Hydrocortisone (Westcort)  0.2% cream
  • Flurandrenolide (Cordran) 0.05% oint
  • Hydrocortisone (Westcort) 0.2% oint

 

Potent corticosteroids:
(for severe eczemas or resistant rashes)
  • Betamethasone dipropionate (Diprosone) .05% cream or ointment
  • Betamethasone  valerate (Valisone) .1% oint
  • Fluocinonide (Lidex)  0.05% cream,oint , gel, solution
  • Diflorasone (Maxiflor) .05% cream
  • Mometasone (Elocon)  0.1% cream,oint
  • Triamcinolone (Aristocort, Kenalog) 0.5% cream, oint
  • Amcinonide (Cyclocort)  0.1% oint
  • Diflorasone (Maxifor)  0.05% oint
  • Flurandrenolide (Cordran Tape)
  • Halcinonide (Halog)  0.1% cream 

 

Super-potent corticosteroids:
(for lichen simplex chronicus, nummular eczema, most rashes of the palms & soles, allergic contact dermatitis, Psoriasis -except body folds)
  • Betamethasone diproprionate (Diprolene)  0.05% oint
  • Clobetasol (Temovate, Cormax) 0.05% cream, oint, gel  

 

TOPICAL ANTIFUNGAL RX:
  • Penlac (Ciclopirox) topical 8% solution for onychomycosis   NEW!  9-2004
    * Loprox (Ciclopirox)1% lotion BID for fungal nail. $15/1 oz
  • Lotrimin/Clotrimazole 1% cream OTC $4.80/30g, 1% soln $6.80/10 ml
  • Micatin/Miconazole 2% cream OTC $2.30/30g,2% powder $5.60/2.5oz,2% spray $6/3oz
  • Fungoid (miconazole) tincture/soln bid (1 oz) for fungal nail.
  • Spectazole/Econazole 1% cream $13.50/30g
  • Nizoral 2% shampoo 3x/wk or cream tid
  • Lotrisone (Lotrimin+ Betamethasone) cream (15,45 gm)
  • Lamisil (Terbinafine) 1% cream;  Lamisil-AT   OTC
  • Micatin 2% (Miconazole) cream OTC
  • Monistat-Derm (Miconazole) 2% cream OTC $2.05/30gm, 2.90/45gm BID
  • Fungizone (Amphotericin B)
  • Halotex (Haloprogin)
  • Mycolog II (Nystatin+Triamcinolone) cream/ointment (15-30-60-120gm)
  • Mycostatin (Nystatin) cream/ointment /powder 15-30gm BID
  • Nizoral (Ketoconazole) 2% cream BID
  • Spectazole (Econazole) 1% cream 1-2x/d

 

PO ANTIFUNGAL RX:
  • Lamisil (Terbinafine) 250mg/d x3month
  • Sporanox (Itraconazole) 100mg cap 2 cap bid aftermeal x 1 wk,then rest for 3 wks (repeat x 2)  pulse dosing , or 2 cap daily for 12 weeks for onychomycosis.
  • Nizoral (ketoconazole) 200mg 1 tab/d for 2wks
  • Griseofulvin: Fulvicin P/G 125-165-250-330 tab     330 or 375mg /day.

   

TOPICAL ANTI-INFECTIVES RX:
  • Bactroban (Mupirocin) 2% ointment TID 15-30gm
  • Betadine (Povidone-iodine) soln 4-8-16-32-128 fl oz
  • Garamycin 0.1% cream/ointment 3-4x/d
  • Silvadene (Silver sulfadiazine) 1% cream 20-50-85-400-1000gm 1-2x/d
  • Neosporin cream (PolymyxinB, Neomycin)Neosporin oint (Above + bacitracin)
  • Polysporin oint (PolymyxinB+bacitracin)
  • pHisoHex (Hexachlorophene) cleanser 0.25- 5 oz, 1 pt
  • Vioform-HC cream (Clioquinol 3% + HC)
  • Vytone cream (Iodoquinol + HC)

 

ACNE Rx:
  • Accutane (Isotretoinon) Retinoic Acid 10,20,40mg cap 0.5-2mg/kg/d in BID
  • Benzamycin topical Gel BID (3% erythromycin,5% benzoyl peroxide),
  • Cleocin (Clindamycin) 1% lotion,soln
  • Erythromycin 1.5-2% topical soln BID
  • Desquam-E 2.5, 5 or 10 Emmolient Gel (Bezoyl Peroxide) BID
  • Desquam-X 2.5, 5, 10 Gel or Wash
  • Retin-A Micro 0.1% gel (20,45 g tube)Retin-A 0.1% cream

 

Anti-Scabies & Lice/Pediculosis Rx:
  • Permethrin 5% cream (Elimite)
  • Lindane 1% lotion or cream (Kwell) apply from head to toes for 8 hrs.
  • Atarax 25 mg for itching
  • Topical steroids or Calamine or Caladryl lotion

 

For Actinic keratosis Rx:
  • Efudex /Fluorouracil 5% cram or 2 or 5% soln bid for 2-4 wks.

             2009